Throughout our life, we undergo innumerable changes in our hormonal activity. Especially for women, hormonal changes keep on shaping body metabolism in all dimensions right from the birth till old age. So let us have a deeper knowledge about different female hormones and their functions in a female body metabolism.
Hormones are actually the chemicals responsible for carrying out a number of different activities to regulate metabolism. They act as messengers, carrying directions to different glands. As women move from childhood towards adolescence, the previously dormant female hormones start producing many changes in their metabolism and physical changes.
Female Hormonal Changes
These female hormones are responsible for giving a girl’s body all the specific female characteristics to become a woman. This hormonal change usually takes around four years during which the rapid female hormonal changes may sometimes become difficult to adapt to. The journey begins with the hormonal release by the hypothalamus which incites the pituitary gland to release two female hormones i.e. luteinizing hormone (LH) and Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) which act on ovaries and make them release their own female hormones.
A crucial function performed by female hormones is to regulate the menstrual cycle without which, a female can’t give birth to a child. Ovaries release the hormones called progesterone and estrogen. These two hormones together with LH and FSH play a vital role in the whole natural cycle in women. There are frequent changes in women also during pregnancy. The levels of estrogen and progesterone remain high during pregnancy along with some other vital hormones.
After pregnancy, the hormonal balance tends to get back to the previous levels, causing it difficult for some women to adapt to these changes. These hormonal changes sometimes cast negative psychological and emotional behaviors. There is still room for a lot of research in understanding the impacts of many hormonal changes in women.
When a woman reaches the age of 45 to 50, the next hormonal change occurs. The ovaries now no more produce the normal amount of female hormones, a stage called menopause. The menstrual cycle undergoes some irregularities until it finally stops. It may cast some negative effects on other body functions as estrogen is also responsible for protecting the heart and bones. In addition to that, it can also cause hot flashes and bone loss. However, these negative impacts can be dealt with by adopting a number of measures, e.g. hormone replacement therapy. It can help fight osteoporosis and cardiac disorders. However, it is important that you consult your doctor before deciding to undergo hormone replacement therapy.
Female hormones are literally the driving force when it comes to extremely important metabolic and appearance changes. So it is handy to know about their functions.