One of the most significant factors that contribute to Alzheimer is the old age. Moreover, one is also at risk of Alzheimer if there is a family history in Alzheimer, especially if it was found in first grade relatives like mother, father, brothers and also if it appeared in a number of family members. The presence of E-4 gene in white race people or in Asian people also contributes to Alzheimer. Another factor is the Down syndrome, which is a genetic disease, causing mental retardation. People who are diabetic or have high glucose levels are also at risk of Alzheimer.
In addition to these known causes of Alzheimer, there are a number of other factors which are thought to be possible reasons of the disorder e.g. high levels of homocysteine, smoking, and severe cephalic lesions. There can be several causes behind Alzheimer and there is still a lot to be brought under research.
The most prominent symptom of Alzheimer is that the victim starts experiencing a weakening memory. Elderly people start worrying when they too often forget about a lot of things. Though it is common among those of ages between 60 to 70 to have short-term memory loss and not all of them may develop Alzheimer, but it is better to consult a doctor well in time if memory loss is experienced.
Some of the examples of normal memory loss include forgetting where the car was parked, forgetting some events of past life, forgetting name of a person which is recalled later on, forgetting where you placed a thing e.g. car keys etc. these are examples of normal memory loss which do not necessarily mean that one has Alzheimer.
The memory loss caused by Alzheimer may include forgetting the entire episode of past experience, forgetting how to drive a car or how to read watch, forgetting some recent activities, like leaving the cooker on, or completely forgetting about someone. The victim may undergo a complete change in behavior, thinking and personality. He may seem normal in social gatherings but the change is first noticed by a close one. If the signs of dementia are experienced, like facing difficulties in concentrating, thinking, remembering certain things, persons or problems to be solved, a doctor should be consulted immediately. Symptoms may vary from one stage of disease to the other.
Alzheimer Warning Signs
Researchers have pointed out ten major Alzheimer warning signs i.e. forgetting things, e.g. forgetting the things learned recently, forgetting names and contact numbers. Second of Alzheimer warning signs is, finding it difficult to perform day-to-day activities, like cooking and even eating. Facing language problems, like forgetting some unusual words. A common Alzheimer warning signs is called special temporal disorientation i.e. forgetting one’s own address. Moreover, things like dressing improperly for the weather are also observed.
Problems are also faced with abstract thinking, like facing difficulty to interpret the numbers. Sometimes, the signs like placing the things in wrong place may also be observed e.g. placing toaster in the fridge or putting watch in sugar bowl etc. illogical mood swings may also be experienced like from calm mood to crying and from crying to anger without any reason. The victim suffers a change in personality, like unnecessary suspicion, confusion, fearing to depend on someone etc. lack of initiative may be manifested due to excessive sleeping, watching TV whole day, and refusing to do daily chords etc.
There are a few other Alzheimer warning signs which may or may not be experienced e.g. firm belief about a wrong notion, e.g. believing that a person is stealing from the other, having hallucinations, reduced interest in surrounding activities, separating oneself from friends and family, repeating certain actions without any purpose like opening and closing the bag, packing and unpacking the clothes, repeating a question time and again, showing aggression, inability to control some impulses leading to improper behavior. However, this disorder usually does not have any effect on fine motor capacity e.g. to button and unbutton a shirt, nor does is affect tactile sense.
Though, Alzheimer can be prevented but for that, it needs to be done in early age i.e. in late twenties or thirties, when the healthy lifestyle can prevent the disorder from worsening. Eating, moving, thinking positively, using memory and imagination in creative ways can help you lead a healthier life.