Most of the male sexual disorders are either penile or testicular disorders. Not only do they affect male reproductive organs in general but can also lead to reduced fertility. Given below some of the common male sexual disorders.

Male sexual Disorders

Priapism

This is one of the male sexual disorders which can be termed as the opposite to erectile dysfunction. In this case, the victim experiences the prolonged painful erection which may be as long as four hours or more. The main cause of this disorder is that the blood supplied to the penis cannot be drained back properly. It is not a disorder caused by sexual activity; rather it can be caused by any of the following reasons

  • Anesthesia
  • Blood diseases
  • Penile injection therapy
  • Blood pressure medication and antidepressants
  • Drug use and alcohol.

Priapism can be treated by draining the blood out of the penis. This is done by taking out blood through a needle and hence relieving the penis or painful erection. Moreover, some medications are also available whose main aim is to reduce the flow of blood by compressing blood vessels in the penis. Though such treatments can relieve the pain for the time being, the treatment of underlying causes is necessary to permanently and safely get rid of the disorder.

Balanitis and Balanoposthitis

Balanitis is a penile disorder whereby the victim suffers from inflammation in glans or in the tip of the penis, whereas, in balanoposthitis, both glans and the penis’ top skin is inflamed. The symptoms for both these male sexual disorders are similar which include foul discharge, pain, rash, and itching. Mainly, these disorders are seen in men with pure hygiene.

balanitis and balanoposthitis may also result due to

  • Diabetes
  • Dead skin cells
  • Infection
  • Dermatitis
  • Tight foreskin

Maintaining proper hygiene can help eradicate the problem, however, if it is caused by some other underlying irritants, the treatment should be aimed at treating those irritants.

Phimosis

Phimosis is not a disease, but if unaddressed, can lead to male sexual disorders. It is a condition characterized by tight foreskin which is so tight that it becomes difficult to get the penis head back in normal condition. It can lead to extreme pain and discomfort in sexual intercourse and urination.

It is caused commonly by the following factors;

  • Scar tissue
  • Birth defect
  • Balanitis
  • Infection

The condition can be treated by the victim by gently stretching the foreskin, however, circumcision and medications to loosen the tight skin can also be used as an option. In some rare cases, preputioplasty may also be needed i.e. separating glans from the foreskin.

Penile Cancer;

Although it is not very common but can be really dangerous. Penile cancers are characterized by the uncontrolled growth of cells in the penis. Even benign tumors can take the form of penile cancer over time. Symptoms include abnormal discharge, penile sores, and bleeding. Although the underlying causes are not yet identified, the following factors are known to contribute to penile cancer;

  • Smoking
  • Age
  • Psoriasis treatment
  • Human papillomavirus
  • Phimosis
  • Uncircumcision

The most prevalent treatment of this type of male sexual disorders includes surgery. It may be done in the following ways;

  • Microsurgery
  • Cryosurgery
  • curettage and electrodesiccation
  • penectomy
  • laser surgery
  • wide local excision