Causes of Abdominal Pain in Children
Some of the common causes of abdominal pain in children include infections, insect bites, food poisoning etc. If the abdominal pain in children is due to infections, some bacteria and viruses are responsible for it. Some of the common stomach infections are Gastroenteritis and stomach flu which result in abdominal pain in children. Gastroenteritis is a kind of stomach inflammation resulting in irritation in stomach and gastrointestinal passage. In this regard, special care needs to be taken by the travelers so that they may avoid any contaminated food items and drinks which can lead to diarrhea. Though, the infections resulting due to viruses are eliminated soon but the bacterial infections need to be treated by the intake of antibiotics. In some cases, recovery is quick due to vomiting and excretion. If suffering from diarrhea, child needs to be given excess liquid intake to avoid dehydration.
The abdominal pain in children caused by food related issues may be caused by food poisoning, over eating, gas production or food allergies. Though, mostly the problems of food poisoning do not long last, it can cause bloating. The symptoms of food poisoning include vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps. Mostly, the symptoms start appearing within two days of taking contaminated food. In severe cases, it may result in chill, fever, stool containing blood and even damage to nervous system. When contaminated food is consumed by many and afterwards a lot of them suffer from food poisoning, it is called outbreak. There are around two hundred diseases which are known to be transmitted through food. Food poisoning may result because of the toxic or infective agents. Later include parasites, bacteria and viruses, while former include items like poisonous mushrooms, uncooked food, exotic foods etc. food contamination can be caused by unhygienic ways of handling the food in restaurants. So children should be allowed only to visit the trusted, hygienic restaurants.
Some food items can result in irritation to some children. E.g. the lactose in dairy products may not be digestible for all children and may cause intolerance. This happens only when child is allergic to a food item and even if a small quantity of that item is taken by him, it may result in nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, skin rash and cramping. This hypersensitivity to otherwise harmless food items is known by the name of hypersensitivity reaction. The symptoms can sometimes be even fatal e.g. anaphylactic shock or anaphylaxis.
Other reasons of poisoning may include an overdose of medicine or taking non food stuff. Moreover, abdominal pain in children can also result from insect bites, e.g. bites by black widow spider. In such cases, it may also be accompanied by such symptom as muscle cramps, faintness, weakness, dizziness, chest pain, tremor, nausea, and vomiting. Moreover, the pulse rate and blood pressure may shoot.
In some rare cases, the reason behind abdominal pain in children can be appendicitis. It is caused by inflammation and blockage of tissues. In such cases, immediate steps need to be taken and you need to admit the child to hospital as soon as possible. Starting slowly near the belly button, the pain shifts towards the right side of lower abdomen within twenty-four hours. Other symptoms are fever, nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite.
Sometimes, diabetes can also be behind abdominal pain in children. Young children express it by curling up, crying and facial expressions. Parents need to monitor the symptoms thoroughly, spot the location of pain, its duration, and nature of vomiting and urinary problems. Try to consult a pediatric and he may further refer a gastroenterologist if needed.
Until child is hospitalized, making him lie with face down can help relieve the pain due to gas. In case of diarrhea and vomiting, excess water needs to be given. Solid food should not be given until child becomes able to digest it.