All of us at some stage of our life experience mild or severe digestive problems. Particularly, unhealthy diet and inactive lifestyle today has resulted in an increased rate of digestive problems. One of the most common causes is the consumption of ready to eat food containing preservatives, colorings and additives. They are high in refined ingredients and lack in the essential nutrients for proper functioning of digestive system thus resulting in a number of digestive problems.
Common Digestive Problems
People of all age groups suffer from digestive problems irrespective of their gender; however, these are more common in infants due to sensitive and developing digestive system which reacts to changes in mother’s diet, dieting formula, feeding amounts and addition of new foods. Whether adults or infants, digestive problems need to be taken seriously as they affect nutrient absorption. Some common digestive problems are as follows.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
This digestive problem causes inflammation of digestive tract due to abnormal response of immune system. It can occur in two locations; in bowels, called ulcerative colitis, and in small and large intestine, called crohn’s disease. Treatment is done by managing stress, anti inflammatory drugs and change in diet.
The infrequent defecation and difficulty in passing stool are the symptoms of constipation. The causes behind it are insufficient fluid intake, lack of fiber food, medical side effects, less physical activity and intestinal blockage. In mild cases, fiber rich food and change in eating habits can help relieve constipation.
It is one of the common digestive problems that create inflammation in the mucosal lining of GI tract. It results in nausea, appetite change, abdominal pain and vomiting. A change in eating habits, diet plan and some medications can help cure this digestive problem.
Some people experience indigestion problems more than the others. Common causes include heavy servings, obesity, stress, drugs’ side effects and certain food items. To reduce the risk, take right amount of meals and fresh fruits and vegetables. It will help improve the overall digestive health.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
It is a broad term that includes a number of digestive problems like abdominal cramps, irregular bowel movement, bloating and gassiness. Though the actual causes behind it are not known but the symptoms aggravate due to stressful situations. Reducing stress, managing diet and taking drugs to combat specific symptoms can help cure IBS.
Heartburn is a digestive problem of the upper intestinal area. It is caused due to back flow of stomach acids to esophagus causing discomfort, pain and burning sensation near the area of heart. Antacid tablets are used to cure the symptoms. If left untreated, heartburn can worsen to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Diverticula are the protrusions in lower digestive tract, especially in large intestine. Diverticulitis occurs when these pouches become inflamed and infected. All diverticular disorders result in discomfort, spasms, and abdominal pain. Dietary changes, medicines and surgery are the treatments available for it.
The most common symptom of diarrhea include frequent watery stool. It can be caused due to contaminated food, antibiotic effect, viral infection, lactose sensitivity and other digestive disorders. In such cases, easily digestible food should be consumed and care should be taken to avoid dehydration.
Most of the digestive problems can be easily avoided by adopting healthy diet and good eating habits. Most digestive problems get resolved on their own but the repetitive problems must not be ignored and you should consult a doctor.