Infertility in Women Causes and Recommendations
One of the growing reproductive problems today is infertility in women which brings with it a stressful life for the couples. It is a situation whereby the women are unable to conceive and give birth to a child due to malfunctions in reproductive system.
Today, there are some treatments available to cure infertility in women e.g. through medications and surgery. Let us get a deeper understanding of infertility in women
Infertility in Women
The infertility in women can be of two types.
Hypo Fertile Couples
Hypo fertile couples are those which have problems in conceiving. It can be caused by the failure to manage the timing in intercourse. However, the problem is treatable and couples can overcome this problem. The examples of such type of disorder are low sperm count problem with men and endometriosis disorder with women.
It is a condition involving the inability to conceive without the help of some medicines or surgery. This may be caused, for example, due to insufficient sperm to cause fertilization or because of blocked fallopian tube in woman.
Causes of Infertility in Women
The major cause of infertility in women is improper functioning of reproductive system or being unable to release a healthy ovum in fallopian tube. Moreover, it can also be caused by endometriosis, fallopian tube infection or blocked fallopian tube.
Moreover, the sperm may not be able to enter the mucus that lines the cervical canal going to uterus. The ability to conceive may decrease after 35 years of age because mostly, women can conceive properly in early twenties and then a decline in ability to conceive is seen.
Possible Remedies to Improve the Chances to Conceive
Following a few basic recommendations can help women increase their chances to conceive.
1- The most suitable time for fertilization is when women go through ovulation. It starts in mid to late morning and 12 to 16 days before next menstrual cycle starts.
2- Couple should try to have intercourse in day or an evening before ovulation. This way, sperm would already be present in fallopian tube before ovum is released.
3- It is said that having intercourse with women on her back and man on the top is most suitable for uterus to receive the sperm; however, the situation may vary from one case to the other, so consulting the doctor would be more helpful.
4- Woman should make it sure that she keeps on lying for at least ten minutes after intercourse, so that the sperm could reach the cervix.
5- You need to know the fact that the sperm can stay in fallopian tubes for two to three days so there is a possibility that you have an intercourse today, ovulate tomorrow and conceive on the third day.
6- Having intercourse three times in a week of ovulation would increase the chances that a sperm would be present in the tubes before ovum is released.
7- Stopping the intake of contraceptive pills or inject-able hormones can affect the fertility; however, the effect would diminish with time.
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Female Hormones and Female Hormonal Changes
Throughout our life, we undergo innumerable changes in our hormonal activity. Especially for women, hormonal changes keep on shaping body metabolism in all dimensions right from the birth till old age. So let us have a deeper knowledge about different female hormones and their functions in a female body metabolism.
Hormones are actually the chemicals responsible for carrying out a number of different activities to regulate metabolism. They act as messengers, carrying directions to different glands. As women move from childhood towards adolescence, the previously dormant female hormones start producing many changes in their metabolism and physical changes.
Female Hormonal Changes
These female hormones are responsible for giving a girl’s body all the specific female characteristics to become a woman. This hormonal change usually takes around four years during which the rapid female hormonal changes may sometimes become difficult to adapt to. The journey begins with the hormonal release by hypothalamus which incites pituitary gland to release two female hormones i.e. luteinising hormone (LH) and Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) which act on ovaries and make them release their own female hormones.
A crucial function performed by female hormones is to regulate menstrual cycle without which, female can’t give birth to a child. Ovaries release the hormones called progesterone and estrogen. These two hormones together with LH and FSH play a vital role in whole natural cycle in women. There are frequent changes in women also during pregnancy. The levels of estrogen and progesterone remain high during pregnancy along with some other vital hormones.
After pregnancy, the hormonal balance tends to get back to the previous levels, causing it difficult for some women to adapt to these changes. These hormonal changes sometimes cast negative psychological and emotional behaviors. There is still room for a lot of research in understanding the impacts of many hormonal changes in women.
When a woman reaches the age of 45 to 50, the next hormonal change occurs. The ovaries now no more produce the normal amount of female hormones, a stage called menopause. The menstrual cycle undergoes some irregularities, until it finally stops. It may cast some negative effects on other body functions as estrogen is also responsible for protecting heart and bones. In addition to that, it can also cause hot flashes and bone loss. However, these negative impacts can be dealt with by adopting a number of measures, e.g. hormone replacement therapy. It can help fight osteoporosis and cardiac disorders. However, it is important that you consult your doctor before deciding to undergo hormone replacement therapy.
Female hormones are literally the driving force when it comes to extremely important metabolic and appearance changes. So it is handy to know about their functions.
Female Infertility Impacts and Treatment
Ask a woman what it means to be a mother. Ask her is there anything more painful than the inability to become a mother. Not every woman is lucky enough to give birth to a child and for a woman it results in a feeling of emptiness in life.
Woman is chosen by the creator for the unique ability to give birth to a life. However, in case of some women, they become unable to give birth due to some serious complexities in their anatomy. This inability mostly results in serious repercussions in a woman’s married life. She may undergo disturbance in her relationship with husband. To deal with this problem, we today have a lot of treatments available at our disposal; however, some of them might have some disadvantages or unwanted side effects.
Before we discuss various treatments for female infertility, it would be better to first understand basic reasons behind most cases of female infertility and their impacts.
Impacts of Female Infertility
Inability to give birth can have significantly negative impacts on a woman’s life. It can give her a feeling of helplessness and guilty. Her husband may blame her for not being able to give him a complete family life. This may result in a stressful situation for the woman and a cause of great anxiety. A problem so serious like infertility can easily become a reason of separation and divorce between the couples and can ruin the life of a woman who may suffer from feeling of inferiority.
Treatment of Female Infertility
Luckily, we live in an age where considerable advancements have been made to help the couples deal with this problem and lead a happy and complete family life. We have quite a few options available today to treat female infertility. However, you need to be careful about the side effects associated with some remedies. Some medications like clomiphene citrate, follicle stimulating hormone, and human menopausal gonadotropins are meant to induce ovulation and help in pregnancy. However, in some cases, using these medicines can cause headache, multiple birth incidents, depression, mood swings, ovarian cysts, pelvic discomfort and blurred vision. The treatment for structural and bio-mechanical disorders can be done in the form of surgery.
Oriental treatment is another commonly known treatment for female infertility nowadays. It is typically based on such techniques as herbal treatment and acupuncture. Acupuncture is done in order to release the blocked energy which hinders fertilization. It also creates a balance in the endocrine systems. In addition, some herbs can also be used to induce pregnancy. However, these options are really time-consuming and may take 3 to twelve months to show effects.
These treatments for female infertility if carried out carefully, and with consultation of a doctor, may help the couples in getting rid of this stressful situation. However, if the pregnancy can still not be attained, keep in mind that motherhood is not restricted only to become a mother by biological means.
Fallopian Tube Infection
A female reproductive system, besides some other parts, is composed of two fallopian tubes, sometimes also referred to as salpinges, or more commonly called the oviducts. These tubes are very sensitive and are lined throughout with the ciliated epithelia. Fallopian tubes actually provide a connecting passage between ovaries and the uterus (through which the egg passes) so they are of prime importance in female reproductive system and have a central role to play in the process of fertilization.
Fallopian Tube Infection
Since these tubes are very sensitive, they are prone to some serious infections. One of the most common type of these infections is generally known as “salpingitis” or “PID” (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease). It is such a dangerous infection and often damages the reproductive system to such an extent that in severe cases, the victim may suffer from infertility.
Fallopian Tube Infection can further be classified into two types
Acute Fallopian Tube Infection
Chronic fallopian Tube Infection
Acute Fallopian Tube Infection is also simply referred to as salpingitis. The symptoms of Acute Fallopian Tube Infection include swollen fallopian tubes, the tubes start producing a secretion which may cause the walls of fallopian tubes to stick to each other. In severe cases, the tubes also get bloated and they are filled with puss, and that’s not all, the Acute Fallopian Tube Infection can even cause the tubes to rupture, a condition generally known as “peritonitis”.
In case of Chronic Fallopian Tube Infection, the symptoms are milder and sometimes they the victim may not even notice them. However, salpingitis needs to be treated immediately or else it may get worse and the tubes may get damaged forever resulting in infertility.
For more detailed information about the Fallopian Tube Infection, let’s have a closer look at its symptom and results, and how it can be treated.
Fallopian Tube Infection Symptoms;
As discussed earlier, the symptoms of mild infection may not be noticed by the victim, until the menstrual cycle starts. Some of the symptoms associated with this infection may resemble those associated with gonorrhea. Here is a list of some of the most common symptoms of Fallopian Tube Infection;
Color of the discharge from vagina becomes abnormal
The discharge emits a yeasty odor
The patient becomes a victim of frequent urination
She is rendered to pain while having sexual intercourse
Fever and headache
A feeling of Weakness
The lower abdominal part hurts a lot on the both sides.
Pain in lower part of back.
Causes and Complications;
Normally, the infection is rooted at vagina, but it starts moving up towards fallopian tubes. If one oviduct becomes infected, there are many chances that the other tube will also catch the infection because it travels through the lymphatic vessels. One of the major causes of this infection is the spread of bacteria which may include Streptococcus, Mycoplasma and/or Staphylococcus bacteria. Besides these bacteria, another major cause of salpingitis can be the STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) e.g. gonorrhea or Chlamydia among others. The later case may result in ectopic pregnancy or may lead to infections, which may take into their grip the other organs like ovaries and uterus. In some severe conditions, this may result in the complete blockage of the tubes due to the formation of scar cells in them. Moreover, if the condition has worsened to the stage of pus secretion in the tubes, it may result in the production of deformed eggs, thus causing infertility.
The Treatment of Fallopian Tube Infection;
How the Fallopian Tube Infection would be treated, depends largely on the stage at which it is. The victim may need to go through several tests like blood tests, getting mucus swab, or a Pap smear test. This would figure out the stage of the infection. The victim may have to take some antibiotics as prescribed by the doctor. If that doesn’t help, the victim may be told that she needs a surgery in order to get her fallopian tubes free of any infections. She may also have to undergo a removal of infected parts so that the infection does not spread to other parts.
In order to lower the chances of getting caught into Fallopian Tube Infection, it is imperative that you take precautionary measures especially regarding STDs. If you notice any abnormalities, don’t wait. See your gynecologist as soon as possible. Wish you health.