Food Allergies, Constipation, Common Cold, Abdominal pain, Digestive Problems in Children
Most of you would be familiar with what digestion is. In biological terms, it is the process by which complex food molecules are broken down into simpler elements thus making its vital components available to be used by our body. Though it sounds simple, but any malfunction of this process may result in mild or major digestive problems in children. Children are more susceptible to these issues because their digestive system is relatively less developed.
Common Digestive Problems in Children
Most common reasons behind digestive problems in children are intake of mal nutritious food, unhealthy eating habits, infections and the intake of toxins etc. some of the most common digestive problems in children include the following:
Diarrhea is one of the most common of the digestive problems in children. Its major causes are bacteria or viruses. It can also appear as a symptom of some other undiagnosed digestive disease. The symptoms of diarrhea include watery stool 3 or more times a day, dehydration, abdominal pain, bloating and nausea etc. if diarrhea is of acute nature, it lasts 2 or three days. However, if child suffers from chronic diarrhea, it may be severer and lasts for many days. The treatment includes an increased intake of re-hydrated food to cope with water loss from body, and avoiding all such food items which cause stomach irritation.
It is a condition which is characterized by abnormal or infrequent bowl movement. The disorder is essentially characterized by hard stool. The major causes of this kind of digestive problems in children include lack of fiber rich ingredients in food, stool withholding, and side effects of medicines. The disorder can be treated by including fiber rich items in child’s food.
Gastro esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD):
It is characterized by the back flow of acids from stomach into esophagus, thus causing a lot of irritation. The back flow of acid in small quantity is not a major problem and occurs both in children and adults; however, if it is characterized by huge and frequent back flows, the lining of esophagus may get damaged, causing great discomfort. The symptoms include; heartburn, sore throat, nausea, difficulty in swallowing, wheezing and vomiting. Treatment is different for different levels of severity. Some times it may be cured by taking GERD diet, while in other cases it requires medication to control acid production.
Cyclic Vomiting syndrome:
This type of digestive problems in children in characterized by a sudden outburst of vomiting which may last for a few hours or even a few days. It recurs after short whiles with same duration and characteristics. The underlying cause is still not known. It is treated by medication to stop vomiting and nausea along with some rest and proper sleep.
Irritable Bowl Syndrome:
This Digestive disease in children is accompanied by abnormal functioning of bowl. The intestine fails to contract normally in order to facilitate normal bowl movement. It results in diarrhea and constipation following each other alternately. The intestine becomes highly sensitive to gas, resulting in abdominal pain, cramps and bloating etc. though it cannot be completely cured in children, but one can get rid of symptoms through proper dietary changes and medicines.
Common Digestive Problems in Infants
The common digestive problems in infants includes, food allergies, colic, acid reflux and intolerance to lactose.
Colic is mostly seen in babies below the age of 3 months. It takes place in babies with extraordinary sensitivity towards intestinal gas. It causes the baby to cry for several hours and especially in evening. The noticeable symptoms when baby cries include: tensed legs drawn towards body, swollen abdomen, face turns red and hands clenched.
The acid reflux in infants is mainly a result of excessive drinking of milk or drinking too fast. However, it may also be caused sometimes due to excessive crying or coughing. It is accompanied by frequent spitting, lack of appetite and irritability. Changing feeding techniques and baby’s habits can help overcome such problems.
Some infants lack the enzyme responsible for digesting lactose present in milk. As a result, they face problems like diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain every time they consume dairy products.
Some infants develop allergies for some food items like milk, peanuts, soy products etc. so whenever they intake these products, they suffer from vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps and so on. Food allergies and food intolerance is usually carried throughout the life and only solution is to avoid such food items.
As mentioned, most of the digestive problems in children are curable through proper diet and medication, but it is advisable to consult a doctor before using any home remedy.
Best Kids Safety Tips
Keeping your kids safe should be your first priority. Parents should learn how to keep their kids safe and protected from expected hazards in the house or outside. Given below a list of best kids safety tips which help you achieve that kids safety.
Best Kids Safety Tips
The kids safety tips include what needs to be done and what should not be done:
What needs to be done for kids safety?
1- Always take care of baby’s hygiene.
2- Cut the nails regularly and carefully.
3- Take care of baby’s scalp in order to avoid dermatitis, and fungal infection. Keep the skin clean.
4- Remove wet nappy as soon as possible, and clean the skin with soap.
5- Make sure that the genitals are kept dry to avoid fungal infection, because they are more prone to it.
6- Dress baby in loose cloths allowing the passage of air so that he doesn’t suffer from irritation.
7- Try to arrange for a separate water proof bed for child near mother’s bed.
8- Always keep some toys near baby which should create some music.
9- Keep the room free from dust and insects. It should have proper ventilation and light.
10- While carrying the baby, make sure you support his head with your hand because neck muscles are very sensitive and weak, so avoid sudden fall of his head.
11- Mother’s milk is the most preferable nutrition and most balanced diet for infants. Preferring mother’s milk for infant is most important tip from kids safety tips against various stomach problems. It should be given while mother is in sitting position. Mother herself needs to take nutritious diet and keep nipples clean.
12- If mother’s milk could not be given due to some reasons, cow’s milk can be given to the child. The bottle used for this purpose should be sterilized with warm water before every use.
13- Cow’s milk has to be boiled and then cooled because diseases like bovine tuberculosis and brucellosis etc are caused by raw milk.
14- In order to avoid diseases like malaria, yellow fever, dengue, filariasis, and others spread by mosquito bites, use nets. Mosquito bite not only disturbs child’s sound sleep but can also cause skin eruptions resulting in allergies.
15- Some times, child becomes allergic to some food items, dresses, cosmetics etc. try to keep allergic things away from him.
16- Assessing the growth of child by noting his height and weight should be done.
17- The processes like growth development, social development, behavior development, motor development, and language development etc need to be consistent with child’s age. However it is not something to be over-anxious about, because children do show slight variation In this regard.
18- For a good sound sleep, try to keep the environment calm because children need more sleep than adults and the growth hormones secretion is enhanced during sleep.
19- An important tip from kids safety tips when it comes to hygiene is that the potty seat needs to be washed with antiseptic liquid pre and post use, also it must not be shared with other children.
20- Child needs to be inculcated with proper toilet training. This training should start at the age of 10.
21- If the baby shows such symptoms as rigorous fever, convulsions, excessive crying, stiffness of neck, frequent vomiting, diarrhea, body turning blue, difficulty in breathing with grunting etc, consult a child specialist immediately instead of looking for home kids safety tips.
22- When driving a car, keep baby in a separate seat belt.
23- Keep child’s medication in a separate box, affixed with a paper containing all information about dose and administration etc.
24- Always keep a first aid box in the room, with items like antiseptic, sterile cotton, dressing items, lotions, ointments etc. maintain the contact numbers of doctor, ambulance, police etc in a separate notebook.
25- Whenever you leave home with your child, keep your ID card and your phone number in his pocket.
26- When child starts walking, always be with him to prevent falls and injuries.
27- In emergencies, take first aid measures and take the child to hospital.
- Choking: If the child has swallowed something which creates obstruction, immediately lie him down on the abdomen with his head in a low position and rub abdomen towards the chest and backwards. Stroke the upper abdomen if needed. If it doesn’t work, call a doctor.
- Accidental poisoning: induce vomiting to expel the poison out of the body (except for acids and kerosene). Wash the body in order to avoid any absorption through skin. Take the child to hospital.
- Electric shock: immediately take away the source of current and if baby is not breathing, try mouth to mouth breath and then take him to hospital immediately.
- Wounds: Clean the wound with water and stop bleeding with the help of compressing. Raise the wound above the level of heart to stop bleeding or use tourniquet. Take the victim to hospital.
- Drowning in bath tub: take out the baby and keep in head low position while gently rubbing the abdomen. Try to suck out the water with your mouth until there is no obstruction in breathing. Give cardiac massage and take him to hospital.
- Burns: pour cold water on the area. Do not take off burned cloths immediately. Try to clean the burns with sterile cotton and then take him to hospital.
28- Above all kids safety tips, give maximum love, care and support to your child to make him happy and healthy.
What needs to be avoided for kids safety?
kids safety tips include some measures which should be avoided;
1- Do not shake your body or it would cause damage to his brain.
2- Make sure that water does not enter kid’s ear while giving him a bath.
3- Another tip from kids safety tips is that you should avoid placing sharp and pointed items near him, like pencil pen, knife etc.
4- Keep away the items like mosquito repellents, chemicals, moth balls, ink gums, medicines etc.
5- Avoid tight clothing.
6- Don’t keep small articles near him which can be swallowed.
7- Do not force him to take food when he is crying or coughing.
8- Do not over feed the kid.
9- Do not place him near the edge of the bed.
10- Do not give strangers access to baby and do not allow others to have close contact with him.
11- Do not smoke inside the house.
12- Do not leave your kid alone in the kitchen.
13- Keep away all electrical instruments and do not arrange baby’s bed near electric sockets.
14- Avoid too strong light in the room.
15- Do not allow your kid to crawl on soil.
16- While giving him a bath, keep water level low and do not leave him alone in tub to perform other tasks like attending phone call etc.
17- Do not unnecessarily take the baby to dusty places, crowded hospital wards or market places etc.
18- Do not give your child the medicines used by others.
19- Table lamp should be kept away from baby at night because it attracts insects.
20- When it comes to giving medicine to your baby, a great tip from kids safety tips which needs to be remembered is that you must always check the expiry date. Never give expired medicine to your kid.
21- When the baby starts walking, he must not be kept alone upstairs, and should not be allowed to go up on stairs.
22- If you or someone else in home is sick, stay away from child.
23- While traveling, do not give your baby the food items taken from strangers.
24- Avoid close contact of child with pets. Give anti rabies injections to pets and cut nails regularly.
I hope you find these kids safety tips useful.
Abdominal Pain in Children – The Common Causes
Abdominal pain in children is one of the most common health related issues in young children and coping with it can sometimes become very challenging not only for parents but also for the doctors because the reasons behind abdominal pain in children can be very diverse and in some cases it may demand some steps on emergency bases. The treatment for abdominal pain in children is dependent upon what caused it.
Causes of Abdominal Pain in Children
Some of the common causes of abdominal pain in children include infections, insect bites, food poisoning etc. If the abdominal pain in children is due to infections, some bacteria and viruses are responsible for it. Some of the common stomach infections are Gastroenteritis and stomach flu which result in abdominal pain in children. Gastroenteritis is a kind of stomach inflammation resulting in irritation in stomach and gastrointestinal passage. In this regard, special care needs to be taken by the travelers so that they may avoid any contaminated food items and drinks which can lead to diarrhea. Though, the infections resulting due to viruses are eliminated soon but the bacterial infections need to be treated by the intake of antibiotics. In some cases, recovery is quick due to vomiting and excretion. If suffering from diarrhea, child needs to be given excess liquid intake to avoid dehydration.
The abdominal pain in children caused by food related issues may be caused by food poisoning, over eating, gas production or food allergies. Though, mostly the problems of food poisoning do not long last, it can cause bloating. The symptoms of food poisoning include vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps. Mostly, the symptoms start appearing within two days of taking contaminated food. In severe cases, it may result in chill, fever, stool containing blood and even damage to nervous system. When contaminated food is consumed by many and afterwards a lot of them suffer from food poisoning, it is called outbreak. There are around two hundred diseases which are known to be transmitted through food. Food poisoning may result because of the toxic or infective agents. Later include parasites, bacteria and viruses, while former include items like poisonous mushrooms, uncooked food, exotic foods etc. food contamination can be caused by unhygienic ways of handling the food in restaurants. So children should be allowed only to visit the trusted, hygienic restaurants.
Some food items can result in irritation to some children. E.g. the lactose in dairy products may not be digestible for all children and may cause intolerance. This happens only when child is allergic to a food item and even if a small quantity of that item is taken by him, it may result in nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, skin rash and cramping. This hypersensitivity to otherwise harmless food items is known by the name of hypersensitivity reaction. The symptoms can sometimes be even fatal e.g. anaphylactic shock or anaphylaxis.
Other reasons of poisoning may include an overdose of medicine or taking non food stuff. Moreover, abdominal pain in children can also result from insect bites, e.g. bites by black widow spider. In such cases, it may also be accompanied by such symptom as muscle cramps, faintness, weakness, dizziness, chest pain, tremor, nausea, and vomiting. Moreover, the pulse rate and blood pressure may shoot.
In some rare cases, the reason behind abdominal pain in children can be appendicitis. It is caused by inflammation and blockage of tissues. In such cases, immediate steps need to be taken and you need to admit the child to hospital as soon as possible. Starting slowly near the belly button, the pain shifts towards the right side of lower abdomen within twenty-four hours. Other symptoms are fever, nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite.
Sometimes, diabetes can also be behind abdominal pain in children. Young children express it by curling up, crying and facial expressions. Parents need to monitor the symptoms thoroughly, spot the location of pain, its duration, and nature of vomiting and urinary problems. Try to consult a pediatric and he may further refer a gastroenterologist if needed.
Until child is hospitalized, making him lie with face down can help relieve the pain due to gas. In case of diarrhea and vomiting, excess water needs to be given. Solid food should not be given until child becomes able to digest it.